Structural engineering is concerned with the research, planning, design, construction, inspection, monitoring, maintenance, rehabilitation and demolition of permanent and temporary structures, as well as structural system and their components. It also considers the technical, economic, environmental, aesthetic and social aspect of structures.
Structures can include building, bridges, in-grounds structure, footings, frameworks and space frames, including those for motor vehicles, space vehicles, ships, airplanes and cranes.
They can be composed of any structural material including composites and novel materials.
Structural engineering is a creative profession that makes a significant contribution to infrastructure industry, as well as residential and recreational developments.
Structural engineers carry out strength calculation and prepare drawings of structures to ensure they are strong enough to avoid collapse when loaded. The most common structures dealt with are buildings and bridges but tunnels, walls to hold back mining earth embankments, large tanks and silos as well as mining structures, also form part of a structural engineer’s work. Specialist areas includes oil drilling platforms and associated infrastructure, shipbuilding and aircraft design.
Structural engineers generally work in a team and look at the way a structure is to be built. They ensure buildings are strong enough to withstand natural forces and loads imposed by the nature of its use. Through research and the testing of both form and material, new solution is developed which promote safer, more environmentally friendly buildings and structures.
Platforms and associated infrastructure, shipbuilding and aircraft design. Structural engineers generally work in teams and look at the way a structure is to be built. They ensure building are strong enough to withstand natural faces and loads imposed by the nature of its use. Through research and the testing of both form and material, new solution is developed which promote safer more environmentally friendly buildings and structures.
Some structures engineers work in the design of structures (carrying out the strength calculations and supervising drawings), others specialize in the building of structures and some work in research. Structural engineers commonly work with architects, buildings, mechanicals, electrical and chemical engineers to ensure that all parts of the structure are safe and capable of fulfilling their intended fiction. They also make sure structures use appropriate materials efficiently.